Turing and the evaluation of intelligence


Francesco Bianchini (University of Bologna)


The article deals with some ideas by Turing concerning the background and the birth of the well-known Turing Test, showing  the evolution of the main question proposed by Turing on thinking machine. The notions he used, especially that one of imitation, are not so much exactly defined and shaped, but for this very reason they have had a deep impact in artificial intelligence and cognitive science research from an epistemological point of view. Then, it is suggested that the fundamental concept involved in Turing’s imitation game, conceived as a test for detecting the presence of intelligence in an artificial entity, is the concept of interaction, that Turing adopts in a wider, more intuitive and more fruitful sense than the one that is proper to the current research in interactive computing.

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BIANCHINI Turing and the evaluation of intelligence